“PCOD”; you’ve possibly heard the abbreviation being used quite frequently. While we know that it is a disorder associated with menstruation, we don’t realise how common it is. More often than not, PCOD/PCOS goes undetected for a long period of time due to a lack of awareness. We’ve penned down everything you need to know about it.
Read on and don’t forget to share the information!
What is PCOD?
The full form of PCOS is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. PCOD or PCOS is caused due to an imbalance in reproductive hormones. As part of a healthy menstrual cycle, an egg created by the ovaries is released every month. With PCOS, the egg may not develop as it should or it may not be released during ovulation as it should be. PCOD causes the ovaries to develop multiple, small cysts on the ovaries, hence the name – Polycystic Ovary Disorder/Syndrome. It is the most common cause of irregular periods, insulin resistance and infertility in women.
Image Source: Wetasy
How common is it?
One out of 10 women in India have PCOD, six out of ten of which are teenage girls. Due to a lack of education and awareness in the country, PCOD/PCOS often goes undetected.
What causes PCOD?
The exact causes of PCOD are still unknown. While genes do play a role, an unhealthy lifestyle, an unsuitable diet and lack of regular exercise contribute towards increasing the risk.
How do you know if you have PCOD/PCOS?
Since the spectrum of symptoms is very broad, make sure to consult a doctor if you’re experiencing any of them:
- Irregular periods
- Extremely heavy or light flow during menstruation
- Weight gain
- Excessive body hair
- Thinning hair or hair loss on the scalp
- Regular headaches
- Pelvic pain
- Problems with sleep
- Rapid mood changes
What is the treatment for PCOD?
Consulting a gynecologist is the first and most important step. While PCOD/PCOS is not completely curable, early detection is key. Various steps can be taken to control the symptoms in order to make it more manageable.
We hope this post helps you understand PCOD better. If you feel like you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, your gynecologist is only a call away! Detection is instrumental to control and curb the symptoms and will also improve fertility.
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Featured image credits- Image Source: Hello Doktor